José Martí was born on January 28, 1853, in Havana, Cuba, and died on May 19, 1895, in Dos Ríos, Cuba.

From an early age, he showed a talent for writing and revolutionary politics. He was a poet, essayist, journalist, translator, and publisher.

However, he’s mostly known to be a patriot, revolutionist, and Cuba’s national hero. Considered the founder of the literary movement called modernism he continues to be an important figure in Latin American literature.

Famous work and essays:

  • Guantanamera is a patriotic song that features some of his verses from Versos Sencillos.
  • Children’s magazine La edad de oro.
  • Nuestra América 
  • Ismaelillo
  • Versos libres

Children’s book: 

Conoce a José Martí / Get to Know José Martí (Spanish Edition) (Personajes del mundo hispánico/ Historical Figures of the Hispanic World)  by Antonio Orlando Rodríguez (Author), Pablo de Bella (Illustrator)

Martí’s Song for Freedom / Martí y sus versos por la libertad (English and Spanish Edition) by Emma Otheguy

Craft Activity:

DIY Activity: Cuban Pom-Pom Flag

Additional resources:

Martí’s Song for Freedom Teacher Guide

Write like José Martí

Supporting Materials for Martí’s Song for Freedom

José Martí Poems and Letters Lesson Plans

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